100 656 Hemistigma albipuncta Pied spot Male Kasane April 2014 r 1 100 659 Hemistigma albipuncta Pied spot Male Kasane April 2014 r 5 101 537 Hemistigma albipunctum African Piedspot Female Tshipise LP RSA April 2014

African Piedspot   Bontkolletjie.

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100 1203 Hemistigma albipuncta Pied spot Female Banga Neck Mch 2017r 1 100 2531 Hemistigma albipuncta Piedspot Male Close up Kozibay KZN RSA Mch 2019r 3 101 633 Hemistigma albipunctum African Piedspot Teneral Male Nwanedi LP RSA SEP 2016 100 2148 Hemistigma albipuncta Piedspot Female Close up Nwanedi LP RSA Dec 2018r 3 100 2258 Hemistigma albipuncta Pied spot Female Banga Neck Kosi Bay KZN RSA Mch 2017r 2
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Short description:

African Piedspot, Hemistigma albipunctum, Genus Hemistigma, is small sized, slender, powdery pale blue dragonfly with creamish face and bi-coloured pterostigmas.

Key identification features:

Male: 100 659 Hemistigma albipuncta Pied spot Male Kasane April 2014 r 5

  • Face have a shiny slightly blue metallic frons with creamish dot either side. 100 2535 Hemistigma albipuncta Piedspot Male Close up Kozibay KZN RSA Mch 2019r 9
  • Creamy stripe on the dorsal thorax carina. May disappea when old 100 2534 Hemistigma albipuncta Piedspot Male Close up Kozibay KZN RSA Mch 2019r 6
  • Forewing usually but not always with a darkish amber streak between the costal and radius vein, a smoky patch. 100 2538 Hemistigma albipuncta Piedspot Male Close up Kozibay KZN RSA Mch 2019r 13
  • Pterostigmas distinctly whitish on inside yet blackish on outside.100 2540 Hemistigma albipuncta Piedspot Male Close up Kozibay KZN RSA Mch 2019r 18
  • Claspers are short with white stripes on the cercus. 100 2537 Hemistigma albipuncta Piedspot Male Close up Kozibay KZN RSA Mch 2019r 12

Female: 100 1203 Hemistigma albipuncta Pied spot Female Banga Neck Mch 2017r 1

  • Creamy stripe on the dorsal thorax carina 100 2261 Hemistigma albipuncta Pied spot Female Banga Neck Kosi Bay KZN RSA Mch 2017r 24
  • Bicoloured pterostigmas. 100 2265 Hemistigma albipuncta Pied spot Female Banga Neck Kosi Bay KZN RSA Mch 2017r 11
  • Brown wing tips, yellowish, smoky wing patch, and a yellow streak running whole length of thorax, between wings, to start of abdomen. This light area is bordered with dark brown.
  • Sides of the thorax are mostly plain, yellowish. 100 2265 Hemistigma albipuncta Pied spot Female Banga Neck Kosi Bay KZN RSA Mch 2017r 11
  • Claspers have whitish stripes. 100 2264 Hemistigma albipuncta Pied spot Female Banga Neck Kosi Bay KZN RSA Mch 2017r 20
Compared with other species:
  • Similar to the Skimmer (Orthetrum) species due to the blue-grey pruinose thorax and abdomen.
  • Diagnostic on the African Piedspot is the bi-coloured pterostigmas 100 2265 Hemistigma albipuncta Pied spot Female Banga Neck Kosi Bay KZN RSA Mch 2017r 11 100 2540 Hemistigma albipuncta Piedspot Male Close up Kozibay KZN RSA Mch 2019r 18 and very distinctive colours of the eyes and face. 100 2535 Hemistigma albipuncta Piedspot Male Close up Kozibay KZN RSA Mch 2019r 9  100 2262 Hemistigma albipuncta Pied spot Female Banga Neck Kosi Bay KZN RSA Mch 2017r 15
  • H. albipunctum has a creamy stripe on the dorsal thorax carina. 100 2534 Hemistigma albipuncta Piedspot Male Close up Kozibay KZN RSA Mch 2019r 6 This is not present on P. deceptor.
  • Males 100 2538 Hemistigma albipuncta Piedspot Male Close up Kozibay KZN RSA Mch 2019r 13 are similar to Deceptive widow 100 1265 Palpopleura deceptor Deceptive Widow Male Close up Kgomo Kgomo Apr 2017r 13 (Palpopleura deceptor)  but have a long slender abdomen and do not have the spot at the nodus and dark streak between the costa and radius veins as distinctive in P deceptor.
  • Female Hemistigma albipunctum 100 1203 Hemistigma albipuncta Pied spot Female Banga Neck Mch 2017r 1  may be confused with the female Eastern Blacktail (Nesciothemis farinose100 598 Eastern Blacktail Female Jan 2016 r 2 of 14. Both species have a cream dorsal stripe and dark wingtips as well as a brad black stripe on the side of the abdomen
Distribution and habitat:
  • Locally common in the warm north and east of South Africa.
  • Prefers standing and often temporary waters, as well as rivers and possibly flowing channels in reed-choked marshes and swamps (sometimes with minimal water), in open landscapes, open areas in forest or shaded by gallery forest. Usually with emergent vegetation and often coarse detritus and a soft (like muddy) bottom.
  • From 0 to 1900 m above sea level, but mostly below 1400.
Behaviour:
  • Perches on reed or grass stems, darting out, then returning to perch, often a different  perch.
Further readingand information:
http://vmus.adu.org.za/vm_map_afr.php?&database=odonata&grid=2&outline=1&key=0&map=4&spp=667380 Books
A Guide to Dragonflies and Damselflies of South Africa    p.174
Dragonflies and Damselflies of South Africa   p. 165
The Dragonflies and Damselflies of Eastern Africap.172
Dragonfly Biotic Indexp.161
Websites of interest:
Odonata Atlas of Africa VMU Number 667380
Warwick Tarboton
A Visual Guide to the Damselflies and Dragonflies of South Africa
African Dragonflies & Damselflies Online
The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species  Least Concern
 
Other Information:
Size Comparison Diagram Dragonflies, Damselflies
Morphology of a Dragonfly,  Damselfly
Map of South Africa showing Provinces

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